Background Transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TF-TAVI) is a viable and safe treatment strategy for patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis and high operative risk and has been introduced as such in the recently updated European guidelines on the management of valvular heart disease.Our aim was to assess trends in outcome after TF-TAVI. Methods Propensity score-matched analysis of a multicenter registry of consecutive patients undergoing TF-TAVI subdivided into 3 tertiles based on enrollment date was performed. Three tertiles of 214 propensity score-matched patients were compared. Results With mounting experience and moving from the initial to the last cohort, procedural contrast volume and radiation time decreased. Over time, there were less major vascular complications (15% vs 7.9%, P =.023), life-threatening bleedings (17.8% vs 7.9%, P =.003), and major bleedings (22.4% vs 12.1%, P =.007). Major vascular complications and life-threatening bleedings caused by closure device failure decreased significantly (9.2% vs 3.1% [P =.01] and 5.7% vs 1 % [P =.01], respectively). The combined safety end point dropped from 31.3% in tertile (T) (T1) to 17.8% in T3 (P <.001). By multivariable analysis, the last cohort as compared with the initial cohort was associated with significant reductions in 30-day mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.35, 95% CI 0.12-0.96), stage 3 AKI (OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.29-0.93), and the combined safety end point (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.29-0.93). One-year survival improved significantly (T1 79% vs T3 86%, P =.016). Conclusions Over time, TAVI is performed with significant reductions in major vascular complications, life-threatening bleedings, and the combined clinical safety end point and improved 1-year survival.

Abbreviations, acute kidney injury, AKI, aortic stenosis, AS, CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting, relative risk reduction, RRR, SAVR, surgical aortic valve replacement, T, TAVI, tertile, TF, transcatheter aortic valve implantation, transfemoral
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2012.11.002, hdl.handle.net/1765/65301
American Heart Journal
Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

van Mieghem, N.M, Chieffo, A, Dumonteil, N, Tchetche, D, van der Boon, R.M.A, Buchanan, G.L, … de Jaegere, P.P.T. (2013). Trends in outcome after transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation. American Heart Journal, 165(2), 183–192. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2012.11.002