Aims: Although previous generations of multislice computed tomography (CT) have demonstrated accurate detection of obstructive bypass graft disease, progression of coronary disease is a more frequent cause for ischaemic symptoms late after bypass graft surgery. We explored the diagnostic performance of 64-slice CT in symptomatic patients after bypass surgery, for the assessment of both grafts and native coronary arteries. Methods and results: The 64-slice CT angiography (Siemens Sensation 64, Germany) was performed in 52 symptomatic patients, 10 ± 5 years after bypass surgery. Two independent, blinded observers assessed all grafts and coronary arteries for stenosis, using conventional quantitative angiography as a reference. A total of 109 grafts (182 graft segments), 123 distal coronary run-offs, and 116 non-bypassed coronary branches (288 segments) were analysed. Per-segment detection of graft disease yielded a sensitivity of 99% (71/72) and specificity of 96% (106/110). Sensitivity and specificity to detect run-off disease were 89% (8/9) and 93% (106/114), positive predictive value was 50% (8/16). In non-grafted coronary segments, CT detected significant stenosis with a sensitivity and specificity of 97% (62/64) and 86% (192/224). Overestimation occurred more frequently in calcified segments (P = 0.002). Conclusion: The 64-slice CT allows angiographic evaluation of grafts and coronary arteries, although overestimation of coronary obstruction occurs, particularly in the presence of calcified disease.

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European Heart Journal
Department of Cardiology

Malagutti, P, Nieman, K, Meijboom, W.B, van Mieghem, C.A.G, Pugliese, F, Cademartiri, F, … de Feyter, P.J. (2007). Use of 64-slice CT in symptomatic patients after coronary bypass surgery: Evaluation of grafts and coronary arteries. European Heart Journal, 28(15), 1879–1885. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehl155