In this paper we simultaneously consider three extensions to the standard Orienteering Problem (OP) to model characteristics that are of practical relevance in planning reconnaissance missions of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). First, travel and recording times are uncertain. Secondly, the information about each target can only be obtained within a predefined time window. Due to the travel and recording time uncertainty, it is also uncertain whether a target can be reached before the end of its time window. Finally, we consider the appearance of new targets during the flight, so-called time-sensitive targets, which need to be visited immediately if possible. We tackle this online stochastic AV mission planning problem with time windows and time-sensitive targets using a re-planning approach. To this end, we introduce the Maximum Coverage Stochastic Orienteering Problem with Time Windows (MCS-OPTW). It aims at constructing a tour with maximum expected profit of targets that were already known before the flight. Secondly, it directs the planned tour to predefined areas where time-sensitive targets are expected to appear. We have developed a fast heuristic that can be used to re-plan the tour, each time before leaving a target. In our computational experiments we illustrate the benefits of the MCS-OPTW planning approach with respect to balancing the two objectives: the expected profits of foreseen targets, and expected percentage of time-sensitive targets reached on time. We compare it to a deterministic planning approach and show how it deals with uncertainty in travel and recording times and the appearance of time-sensitive targets.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Online planning, Stochastic orienteering problem, Time windows
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2014.03.014, hdl.handle.net/1765/65602
Series ERIM Top-Core Articles
Journal European Journal of Operational Research
Evers, L, Barros, A.I, Monsuur, H, & Wagelmans, A.P.M. (2014). Online stochastic UAV mission planning with time windows and time-sensitive targets. European Journal of Operational Research, 238(1), 348–362. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2014.03.014