This paper explores the manifold relations among the spatial organization of tourism, the quality of tourism products in heritage cities, and the dynamics of the regional economies. The concept of "vicious circle" describes the self-feeding linkage between the emerging class of excursionist tourists in the later stages of a destination lifecycle, and the decline in a city's attractiveness. Reference is made to the case of Venice. According to this scheme, effective policies for sustainable tourism should attack the critical points where the vicious circle feeds, such as the quality and accessibility of cultural resources.

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doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(01)00029-9, hdl.handle.net/1765/65622
Annals of Tourism Research: a social sciences journal
Erasmus School of Economics

Russo, A.P. (2002). The "vicious circle" of tourism development in heritage cities. Annals of Tourism Research: a social sciences journal, 29(1), 165–182. doi:10.1016/S0160-7383(01)00029-9