The aims of this study were to assess the technical effectiveness of radiofrequency (RF) ablation in patients with primary or secondary hepatic malignancies and to determine survival and complication rates. This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of patients treated with RF ablation and controlled for recurrence every 3 months by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The outcome is compared with a comprehensive review of data published in recent literature. Forty-seven patients underwent 50 RF sessions for the ablation of 73 tumors. Local tumor progression was observed in 11 patients (23%). A tumor sized larger than 30 mm, a tumor load larger than 14 cm 3, and a percutaneous approach were associated with a faster time to local tumor progression. At the end of a mean (± SD) follow-up period of 11.4 ± 7.5 months, 39 patients (83%) were alive, including eight patients with recurrent disease. The overall cumulative survival rates at 12 and 24 months were 87% and 70%, respectively. In our center, RF ablation can be safely performed to achieve adequate local control and survival rates. Time to local tumor progression was significantly related to initial size of the tumor and tumor load.

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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Department of Surgery