Early invasive management and the use of combined antithrombotic therapies have decreased the risk of recurrent ischaemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) but have also increased the bleeding risk. Transradial intervention (TRI) and bivalirudin infusion compared to transfemoral intervention (TFI) or unfractionated heparin (UFH) plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) decrease bleeding complications in patients with ACS. To what extent, a bleeding preventive strategy incorporating at least one of these two treatment options translates into improved outcomes is a matter of debate. The Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by Transradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of AngioX study is a large-scale, multicenter, prospective, open-label trial, conducted at approximately 100 sites in Europe aiming to primarily assess whether TRI and bivalirudin infusion, as compared to TFI and UFH plus provisional GPI, decrease the 30-day incidence of death, myocardial infarction or stroke across the whole spectrum of ACS patients.

Acute coronary syndromes, Anti-thrombin, Bivalirudin, Bleeding complications, MATRIX, Transradial intervention
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12265-013-9537-1, hdl.handle.net/1765/65664
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery: a journal on cardiac, vascular and thoracic surgery
Department of Cardiology

Valgimigli, M, Calabrò, A, Cortese, B, Frigoli, E, Garducci, S, Rubartelli, P, … Gagnor, A. (2014). Scientific foundation and possible implications for practice of the minimizing adverse haemorrhagic events by transradial access site and systemic implementation of AngioX (MATRIX) trial. The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery: a journal on cardiac, vascular and thoracic surgery, 7(1), 101–111. doi:10.1007/s12265-013-9537-1