Objective: To describe and compare fruit and vegetable intakes of mothers of 11-year-old children across Europe. Methods: Cross-sectional surveys were carried out in 9 European countries in October/November 2003. Self-administered questionnaires assessing fruit and vegetable consumption were used for data collection. The current paper presents dietary intake data obtained by a preceded 24-hour recall and a food frequency questionnaire. Results: The consumption levels of fruit and vegetables (without fruit juice) were in line with World Health Organization recommendations of ≥400 g/day for only 27% of all participating mothers. Based on both instruments, the Pro Children results showed comparatively high average fruit intake levels in Portugal, Denmark and Sweden (211, 203 and 194 g/day) and the lowest intake in Iceland (97 g/day). High vegetable intake levels were found in Portugal and Belgium (169 and 150 g/day), the lowest in Spain (88 g/day). A south-north gradient could not be observed in the Pro Children study. Conclusion: Fruit and vegetable intakes are low in mothers of 11-year-olds across Europe. Especially vegetable consumption can be regarded as marginal in most of the studied European countries. A high percentage of mothers indicated to eat fruit and vegetables less than once a day. The results have shown that national and international interventions are necessary to promote fruit and especially vegetable consumption in the European population of mothers. Copyright

24-Hour recall, Food frequency, Fruit and vegetable intake, Pro Children study, Women
dx.doi.org/10.1159/000087248, hdl.handle.net/1765/65675
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

de Wolf, A, Yngve, A, Elmadfa, I, Poortvliet, E, Ehrenblad, B, Perez Rodrigo, C, … Klepp, K.I. (2005). Fruit and vegetable intake of mothers of 11-year-old children in nine European countries: The pro children cross-sectional survey. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism (Vol. 49, pp. 246–254). doi:10.1159/000087248