A global rising organ shortage necessitates the use of extended criteria donors (ECD) for liver transplantation (LT). However, poor preservation and extensive ischemic injury of ECD grafts have been recognized as important factors associated with primary non-function, early allograft dysfunction, and biliary complications after LT. In order to prevent for these ischemia-related complications, machine perfusion (MP) has gained interest as a technique to optimize preservation of grafts and to provide the opportunity to assess graft quality by screening for extensive ischemic injury. For this purpose, however, objective surrogate biomarkers are required which can be easily determined at time of graft preservation and the various techniques of MP. This review provides an overview and evaluation of biomarkers that have been investigated for the assessment of graft quality and viability testing during different types of MP. Moreover, studies regarding conventional graft preservation by static cold storage (SCS) were screened to identify biomarkers that correlated with either allograft dysfunction or biliary complications after LT and which could potentially be applied as predictive markers during MP. The pros and cons of the different biomaterials that are available for biomarker research during graft preservation are discussed, accompanied with suggestions for future research. Though many studies are currently still in the experimental setting or of low evidence level due to small cohort sizes, the biomarkers presented in this review provide a useful handle to monitor recovery of ECD grafts during clinical MP in the near future.

Biliary complications, Graft dysfunction, Marker, Prediction, Viability testing
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2014.04.031, hdl.handle.net/1765/65990
Journal of Hepatology
Department of Surgery

Verhoeven, C.J, Farid, W.R.R, de Jonge, J, Metselaar, H.J, Kazemier, G, & van der Laan, L.J.W. (2014). Biomarkers to assess graft quality during conventional and machine preservation in liver transplantation. Journal of Hepatology. doi:10.1016/j.jhep.2014.04.031