An important practical problem in application of open-cell porous biomaterials is the prediction of the mechanical properties of the material given its micro-architecture and the properties of its matrix material. Although analytical methods can be used for this purpose, these models are often based on several simplifying assumptions with respect to the complex architecture and cannot provide accurate prediction results. The aim of the current study is to present finite element (FE) models that can predict the mechanical properties of porous titanium produced using selective laser melting or selective electron beam melting. The irregularities caused by the manufacturing process including structural variations of the architecture are implemented in the FE models using statistical models. The predictions of FE models are compared with those of analytical models and are tested against experimental data. It is shown that, as opposed to analytical models, the predictions of FE models are in agreement with experimental observations. It is concluded that manufacturing irregularities significantly affect the mechanical properties of porous biomaterials.

Finite element, Porosity, Stiffness, Structural variations, Titanium foam,
Materials and Design
Department of Orthopaedics

Campoli, G, Borleffs, M.S, Amin Yavari, S, Wauthle, R, Weinans, H.H, & Zadpoor, A.A. (2013). Mechanical properties of open-cell metallic biomaterials manufactured using additive manufacturing. Materials and Design, 49, 957–965. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2013.01.071