With the use of retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase we confirmed the observation of Yamamoto and Shimoyama ([1977] Neurosci Lett. 5:279-283) that Purkinje cells of the rabbit flocculus projecting to the medial vestibular nucleus are located in two discrete zones, FZII and FZIV, that alternate with two other Purkinje cell zones, FZI and FZIII, projecting to the superior vestibular nucleus. The retrogradely labeled axons of these Purkinje cells collect in four bundles that occupy the corresponding floccular white matter compartments, FC1–4, that can be delineated with acetylcholinesterase histochemistry (Tan et al. [1995a] J. Comp. Neurol., this issue). Anterograde tracing from small injections of wheat germ agglutin-hoseradish peroxidase in single Purkinje cell zones of the flocculus showed that Purkinje cell axons of FZII travel in FC2 to terminate in the medial vestibular nucleus. Purkinje cell axons from FZI and FZIII occupy the FC2 and FC3 compartments, respectively, and terminate in the superior vestibular nucleus. Purkinje cell axons from all three compartments pass through the floccular peduncle and dorsal group y. In addition, some fibers from FZI and FZII, but not from FZIII, arch through the cerebellar nuclei to join the floccular peduncle more medially. No anterograde tracing experiments were available to determine the projections of the FZIV and C2 zones. The functional implications of these results are discussed.

cerebellum, corticonuclear projection, eye movements, group y, Purkinje cell
dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.903560104, hdl.handle.net/1765/66163
The Journal of Comparative Neurology
Department of Neuroscience

Tan, J, Epema, A.H, & Voogd, J. (1995). Zonal organization of the flocculovestibular nucleus projection in the rabbit: A combined axonal tracing and acetylcholinesterase histochemical study. The Journal of Comparative Neurology, 356(1), 51–71. doi:10.1002/cne.903560104