Background: The hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a thrombotic microangiopathy leading to acute kidney injury in children. In most cases it is triggered by an infection caused by Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). Endothelial damage plays a central role in the pathogenesis of disease. Hemophilia A is a genetic disorder leading to factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency, an important factor in the coagulation system. Case: Here we describe a hemophilia A patient who developed HUS due to a STEC O26 infection. The patient developed not only acute kidney injury, but also severe gastro-intestinal and neurological complications. Increased amounts of recombinant FVIII (rFVIII) had to be administered during the acute phase of the disease to reach acceptable blood levels of FVIII, in order to control the hemorrhagic colitis and to prevent severe neurological complications. Conclusion: The patient's treatment schedule of rFVIII during the HUS period was a serious challenge, and we cannot exclude that it contributed to the severity of the HUS by enhancing the thrombotic microangiopathic process. The role of factor VIII administration in the severe outcome of this disease is discussed.

Factor VIII, Hemolytic uremic syndrome, Hemophilia, Neurological complications, STEC O26,
Pediatric Nephrology
Department of Pediatrics

Westra, D.F, Dorresteijn, E.M, Beishuizen, A, van den Heuvel, L.P, Brons, P.P, & van de Kar, N.C. (2013). The challenge of managing hemophilia A and STEC-induced hemolytic uremic syndrome. Pediatric Nephrology, 28(2), 349–352. doi:10.1007/s00467-012-2312-8