BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) recently emerged as an alternative to myectomy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) patients with drug-refractory symptoms. The target septal branch selection is a main point to achieve the therapeutic result. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report about PTSMA performed using intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) to guide the procedure in 9 symptomatic HOCM patients. The target septal branch was chosen on the basis of the risk-area visualized using ICE after injection of a contrast agent. During alcohol administration a backscattered signal enhancement of the infarcted area was detected. The procedures were uncomplicated and effective to reduce the gradient from 78.9 ± 20.4 mmHg to 7.8 ± 8.9 mmHg (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In this initial experience ICE monitoring during PTSMA was safe and provided high quality and continuous imaging of the treated segment of the septum during the whole procedure.

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International Journal of Cardiovascular Interventions
Department of Cardiology