Abstract
In an experimental model of unilateral pneumonia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniea in rats we investigated whether intravenous administration of liposomes with prolonged blood circulation time resulted in significant localization of liosomes in infected lung tissu. Liposomes (100 nm) composed of hydrogenated phosphatidylinositol:hydrogenated phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (mola ratio, 1:10:5) radiolabeled with gallium-67-deferoxamine showed relatively long blood circulation time. The degree of localization of these long circulating liposomes in the infected lef lung was significantly higher compared to that of localization of 110 nm egg phosphatidylglycerol:egg phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (molar ratio, 1:10:5) liposomes which exhibited relatively short blood circulation time. At 16 h after administration of the long circulating liposomes (when 10% of the injected dose was still present in the bloodstream) localization of liposomes in the infected left lung was increased up to 10-fold compared to the left lung of uninfected rats, and appeared to be highly correlated with the intensity of the infection. In the uninfected right lung the localization of long circulating liposomes was not increased. The degree of localization of liposomes in the infected tissue is dependent on the residence time of liposomes in the blood compartment. The extent of localization of long circulating liposomes in infected tissue appeared to be dependent on the liposomal dose administered.

Liposome, Lung infection, Tissue distribution
dx.doi.org/10.1016/0925-4439(92)90010-K, hdl.handle.net/1765/66421
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Bakker-Woudenberg, I.A.J.M, Lokerse, A.F, ten Kate, M.T, & Storm, G. (1992). Enhanced localization of liposomes with prolonged blood circulation time in infected lung tissue. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1138(4), 318–326. doi:10.1016/0925-4439(92)90010-K