Most acquired laryngeal stenoses in infants and children can be treated surgically with successful outcome. We describe two patient cases in which removal of such a stenosis did not result in decanulation, because another, hidden obstruction was present. This demonstrates the importance of preoperative assessment to indicate factors that influence the outcome of surgery, especially in infants with a syndrome. Guidelines for preoperative management and an extensive list of syndromes in which a hidden obstruction can be suspected, are presented.

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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Hoeve, L.J, & van der Eerden, P.A. (2002). Pitfalls in preoperative management of acquired laryngeal stenosis. The problem of the hidden obstruction in the airway. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 64(1), 29–33. doi:10.1016/S0165-5876(02)00034-4