What are the dimensions of well-being? That is, what universal goals need to be realized by individuals in order to enhance their well-being? Social production function (SPF) theory asserts that the universal goals affection, behavioral confirmation, status, comfort and stimulation are the relevant dimensions of subjective well-being. Realization of these substantive goals and the perspective on opportunities to realize these goals in the future contributes to the affective and cognitive component of well-being. The theoretical elaboration of this theory has been published elsewhere. This paper provides a measurement instrument for the dimensions of well-being. To measure levels of affection, behavioral confirmation, status, comfort and stimulation and empirically validate the dimensions of well-being, the SPF-IL scale was developed. This paper presents findings from a pilot study (n=145), the main study (n=1094), a test - retest examination (n=163), and a validation study (n=725). The measurement model was tested by means of structural equation modeling. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the dimensional structure of well-being indicating construct validity. The overall fit of the model was sufficient, in spite of the somewhat problematic measurement of status, and the test - Retest study showed an acceptable level of stability. As for the content validity of the dimensions and their measurement, various sub-studies showed that the SPF-IL scale is a valid instrument, doing at least as well as popular measures of overall well-being but also specifying its dimensions.

Measurement instrument, Structural equation modeling, Subjective well-being
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-004-0988-2, hdl.handle.net/1765/66574
Social Indicators Research: an international and interdisciplinary journal for quality-of-life measurement
Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM)

Nieboer, A.P, Lindenberg, S, Boomsma, A, & van Bruggen, A.C. (2005). Dimensions of well-being and their measurement: The Spf-Il scale. Social Indicators Research: an international and interdisciplinary journal for quality-of-life measurement, 73(3), 313–353. doi:10.1007/s11205-004-0988-2