Objective: The objective of the study was to assess in trichorionic triplet pregnancies the effectiveness of elective reduction to twins. Study Design: This was a nationwide retrospective cohort study. We compared the time to delivery and perinatal mortality in trichorionic triplet pregnancies electively reduced to twins with ongoing trichorionic triplets and primary dichorionic twins. Results: We identified 86 women with reduced trichorionic triplet pregnancies, 44 with ongoing trichorionic triplets, and 824 with primary twins. Reduced triplets had a median gestational age at delivery of 36.1 weeks (interquartile range [IQR], 33.3-37.5 weeks) vs 33.3 (IQR, 28.1-35.2) weeks for ongoing triplets and 37.1 (IQR, 35.3-38.1) weeks for primary twins (P < .001). The total number of surviving children in the reduced group was 155 (90%) vs 114 (86%) in the ongoing triplet group. After reduction, 75 of women (87%) had all their fetuses surviving, compared with 36 (82%) (relative risk [RR], 1.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72-2.3) for ongoing triplets and 770 (93%) (RR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.82-1) for primary twins. There were 6 women without any surviving children (7%) after reduction vs 5 (11.4%) (RR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.47-1.4) among women with ongoing triplets and 32 (3.9%) (RR, 1.7; 95% CI, 0.8-3.7) in women with primary twins. Conclusion: In women with a triplet pregnancy, fetal reduction increases gestational age at birth with 3 weeks as compared with ongoing triplets. However, there the impact on neonatal survival is limited.

multifetal pregnancy reduction, multiple pregnancy, pregnancy outcome
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2014.04.023, hdl.handle.net/1765/66594
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

van de Mheen, L, Everwijn, S.M.P, Knapen, M.F.C.M, Oepkes, D, Engels, M.A, Manten, G.T.R, … Pajkrt, E. (2014). The effectiveness of multifetal pregnancy reduction in trichorionic triplet gestation. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2014.04.023