Surgeons and orthodontists are still challenged to achieve ‘better’ noses for children with a unilateral cleft or lip, alveolus and palate (UCLP). Various aspects are discussed: infant anatomy and later changes, developmental mechanics, cleft syndrome in animals with surgically produced facial clefts, untreated patients with congenital clefts, the radical primary correction of the UCLP nose, the unsolved problems in secondary rhinoplasty and suggestions for scientific communication.

Facial clefts, Facial development, Nose
dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-5876(94)01141-J, hdl.handle.net/1765/66724
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Verwoerd, C.D.A, Mladina, R, Nolst-Trenité, G.J, & Pigott, R.W. (1995). The nose in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate. In International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology (Vol. 32). doi:10.1016/0165-5876(94)01141-J