Governance of flood risk management in a time of climate change: The cases of Jakarta and Rotterdam
Environmental Politics , Volume 22 - Issue 3 p. 518- 536
More than half the world's population lives in cities, and over two-thirds of the world's cities will be exposed to flooding within the next 30 years due to factors including climate change, land subsidence, sea level rise, and socio-economic development. Traditionally, flood management has concentrated on providing protection against floods using technical measures, but there is currently an international shift towards more integrated flood risk management, whereby flood risk is defined as the probability of flooding multiplied by the potential consequences. Governance plays a key role in this transition. However, relatively little has been written on how climate governance lessons are implemented on a city-scale. Several characteristics of recent climate change adaptation governance, relating to its structure, orientation, content, and timeframe, are gleaned from the research literature. Flood risk management of two cities - Jakarta and Rotterdam - is examined.
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Ward, P.J, Pauw, W.P, van Buuren, M.W, & Marfai, M.A. (2013). Governance of flood risk management in a time of climate change: The cases of Jakarta and Rotterdam. Environmental Politics, 22(3), 518–536. doi:10.1080/09644016.2012.683155