This paper develops two classification frameworks in order to clarify the discussion on regulatory reform in public transport and in order to compare the organisational forms which have appeared during the last 15 years. The concept of levels of planning and control is applied to the supply of public transport services and various forms of organisation are classified such as to allow a positioning of the various real-world organisational forms in relation to 'pure' organisational forms. Illustrations of a number of ideal-typical organisational forms are then provided. This also illustrates the various roles competition plays within those organisational forms.

Concessioning, Entrepreneurship, Public transport, Regulatory reform,
Transport Policy
Erasmus School of Economics

van de Velde, D. (1999). Organisational forms and entrepreneurship in public transport. Part 1: Classifying organisational forms. Transport Policy, 6(3), 147–157. doi:10.1016/S0967-070X(99)00016-5