We have applied non-isotopic in situ hybridization (ISH) to interphase cell nuclei of 23 phaeochromocytomas (18 primary and 5 metastatic tumours) within routine paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Each tumour was screened for numerical aberrations with a defined alphoid repetitive DNA probe set containing DNA probes specific for chromosomes 1, 7, 15, and Y. Normal adrenal medullas and other normal human cell types served as cytogenetic controls. Preservation of tissue morphology enabled targeted analysis of tumour cells. The presence of numerical chromosome changes in the tumour cells could easily be evaluated by comparing the ISH results of the DNA probes. Numerical abnormalities not previously reported in this neoplasm included overrepresentation of chromosomes 1 and 7, loss of chromosome 15, and both gain and loss of chromosome Y (P values <0.01). The percentage of aneuploid cell nuclei in a tumour correlated well with the percentage of cells in the 4C peak of flow cytometric DNA histograms from these neoplasms. We conclude that interphase ISH can be used for the identification of new and reported cytogenetic changes in tumour cell nuclei within archival tissue sections. This novel procedure also allows for retrospective analysis of previously not karyotyped material.

alpha-satellite DNA probes, in situ hybridization, interphase cytogenetics, paraffin sections, phaeochromocytomas
dx.doi.org/10.1002/path.1711710304, hdl.handle.net/1765/67061
Journal of Pathology
Department of Pathology

van Dekken, H, Bosman, F.T.B, Teijgeman, R, Vissers, K.J, Tersteeg, T.A, Kerstens, H.M.J, … Verhofstad, A.A. (1993). Identification of numerical chromosome aberrations in archival tumours by in situ hybridization to routine paraffin sections: Evaluation of 23 phaeochromocytomas. Journal of Pathology, 171(3), 161–171. doi:10.1002/path.1711710304