Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) using macromolecular contrast media enables assessments of the tumor vasculature based on the differential distribution of the contrast agent within normal and pathologic tissues. Quantitative assays of both morphologic and functional properties can provide useful diagnostic insight into tissue angiogenesis. The use of MRI enhanced with macromolecular agents for the characterization of tumor microvessels has been experimentally demonstrated in a range of malignant tumor types. Kinetic analysis of DCE-MRI data can be used to estimate microvascular permeability and tumor blood volume. By measuring these functional tumor properties, an accurate, noninvasive, and quantitative description of the microcirculation of individual tumors can be acquired, improving the specificity of imaging examinations for cancer diagnosis and for treatment and follow up. The noninvasive MRI assessment of tumor angiogenesis can be applied in the diagnostic differentiation between benign and malignant tumors and can also provide means for in vivo monitoring of antitumor therapy. In this review, the potential clinical applications and limitations of various macromolecular contrast agents applied for evaluations of tumor angiogenesis, with and without drug interventions, are discussed. Copyright

Angiogenesis, Macromolecular contrast agents, Magnetic resonance imaging, Tumor microvascular characteristics
dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.rli.0000186565.21375.88, hdl.handle.net/1765/67235
Investigative Radiology: a journal of clinical and laboratory research
Department of Radiology

Preda, A, van Vliet, M, Krestin, G.P, Brasch, R.C, & van Dijke, C.F. (2006). Magnetic resonance macromolecular agents for monitoring tumor microvessels and angiogenesis inhibition. Investigative Radiology: a journal of clinical and laboratory research (Vol. 41, pp. 325–331). doi:10.1097/01.rli.0000186565.21375.88