PURPOSE. To investigate the relation between patient survival and incrementally increasing percentages of fluorescence in situ hybridization-determined complete loss of chromosome 3 (monosomy 3) and gain of chromosome 8q in primary uveal melanoma cells. METHODS. Clinicopathological factors were related to diseasefree survival. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed using probes on chromosomes 1, 3, 6, and 8. The percentages of UM cells with monosomy 3 or chromosome 8q gain were classified in groups with incrementally increasing percentages and related to disease-free survival. Correlations between clinical factors and cytogenetic aberrations were also analyzed. RESULTS. Two-hundred twenty choroidal and ciliary body melanomas were analyzed. The following proved to be significant predictors of survival in univariate analysis: older patient age (P = 0.003); large tumor diameter (P < 0.001); mixed cell type (P = 0.001); presence of closed microvascular loops (P < 0.001); loss of chromosome 1p (P = 0.006); monosomy 3 (P < 0.001); gain of 6p (P < 0.001); and gain of chromosome 8q (P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox analysis displayed monosomy 3 (Hazard ratio [HR] 2.83, P = 0.002) and gain of chromosome 8q (HR 3.13, P = 0.002) as the most important independent prognostic factors of poor survival, followed by older patient age (HR 1.02, P = 0.017). Increasing percentages of monosomy 3 and gain of chromosome 8q in tumor cells showed a correlation with worse prognosis (Logrank test 49.9 and 40.4, both P < 0.001) and increased number of additional copies of 8q correlated with shorter disease-free interval (Log-rank test 45.7, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS. A high percentage monosomy 3 and chromosome 8q gain in primary UM cells showed a strong relation with poor disease-free survival compared with low percentage aberrations.

doi.org/10.1167/iovs.11-8697, hdl.handle.net/1765/67617
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Department of Ophthalmology

van den Bosch, T, van Beek, J.G.M, Vaarwater, J, Verdijk, R.M, Naus, N.C, Paridaens, A.D.A, … Kiliç, E. (2012). Higher percentage of FISH-determined monosomy 3 and 8q amplification in uveal melanoma cells relate to poor patient prognosis. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 53(6), 2668–2674. doi:10.1167/iovs.11-8697