Social cohesion as perceived by community-dwelling older people: The role of individual and neighborhood characteristics
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life , Volume 8 - Issue 2 p. 9- 31
Social cohesion in neighborhoods is critical to supporting the rising number of community-dwelling older people. Our aim was thus to identify individual and neighborhood characteristics influencing social cohesion among older people. We employed a cross-sectional study of 945 (66% response rate) community-dwelling older residents (70 +) in Rotterdam. To account for the hierarchical structure of the study design, we fitted a hierarchical random-effects model comprising 804 older people (level 1) nested in 72 neighborhoods (level 2). Multilevel analyses showed that both individual (age, ethnic background, years of residence, income and self-rated health) and neighborhood characteristics (neighborhood security) affect social cohesion among community-dwelling older people. Results suggest that policy makers should consider such factors in promoting social cohesion among community-dwelling older people. Policies aimed at improving neighborhood security may lead to higher levels of social cohesion.
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|International Journal of Ageing and Later Life|
|Organisation||Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM)|
van Dijk, H.M, Cramm, J.M, & Nieboer, A.P. (2013). Social cohesion as perceived by community-dwelling older people: The role of individual and neighborhood characteristics. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, 8(2), 9–31. doi:10.3384/ijal.1652-8670.13210