Background and methods. In a randomized study on the biocompatibility of icodextrin (I) versus glucose (G) in CCPD we used icodextrin or glucose for the long daytime dwell. During the night-time dwells glucose was used in all patients. In case of peritonitis icodextrin was continued. In all patients ultrafiltration (UF) was recorded and serum icodextrin metabolites were determined every 3 months and during peritonitis in I-users when available. Results. Thirty-eight patients (19 G, 19 I) entered the study and suffered 30 peritonitis episodes (16 G, 14 I). During peritonitis (P), daytime dwell UF decreased significantly in G (P = 0.001), but remained stable in I patients compared to non-peritonitis (NP) episodes. Total 24-h UF decreased in G (P = 0.001) and in I patients (P = 0.04), as the result of a decreased daytime UF and night-time UF, respectively. There was no difference in the used glucose concentrations during the P versus NP episodes. In five I-patients serum disaccharides increased from 0.05 ± 0.01 to 1.26 ± 0.23 mg/ml during follow up. During peritonitis serum disaccharide concentrations did not increase further (1.47 ± 0.24 mg/ml, P = 0.56). In I patients total carbohydrate minus glucose rose to 5.72 ± 1.2 mg/ml during follow up, and to 6.63 ± 1.04 mg/ml during peritonitis (P = 0.7). These concentrations are comparable to CAPD patients despite the longer dwelltime in CCPD (8-10 versus 14-16 h, respectively). Adverse reactions attributable to icodextrin were not encountered. Conclusions. In contrast to glucose, icodextrin preserved the daytime dwell ultrafiltration during peritonitis. Serum icodextrin metabolites increased during icodextrin use, but remained stable during peritonitis. Adverse effects were not observed.

Disaccharides, Icodextrin, Maltose, Peritoneal dialysis, Peritonitis, Ultrafiltration,
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Posthuma, N, ter Weel, P.M, Donker, A.J.M, Peers, Y, Oe, P.L, & Verbrugh, H.A. (1998). Icodextrin use in CCPD patients during peritonitis: Ultrafiltration and serum disaccharide concentrations. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 13(9), 2341–2344. doi:10.1093/ndt/13.9.2341