Background-Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 is an important mediator of innate immunity and ischemia/reperfusion-induced cardiac injury. We have previously shown that TLR2 inhibition reduces infarct size and improves cardiac function in mice. However, the therapeutic efficacy of a clinical grade humanized anti-TLR2 antibody, OPN-305, in a large-animal model remained to be addressed. Methods and Results-Pigs (n=38) underwent 75 minutes ischemia followed by 24 hours of reperfusion. Saline or OPN-305 (12.5, 6.25, or 1.56 mg/kg) was infused intravenously 15 minutes before reperfusion. Cardiac function and geometry were assessed by echocardiography. Infarct size was calculated as the percentage of the area at risk and by serum Troponin-I levels. Flow cytometry analysis revealed specific binding of OPN-305 to porcine TLR2. In vivo, OPN-305 exhibited a secondary half-life of 8>2 days. Intravenous administration of OPN-305 before reperfusion significantly reduced infarct size (45% reduction, P=0.041) in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, pigs treated with OPN-305 exhibited a significant preservation of systolic performance in a dose-dependent fashion, whereas saline treatment completely diminished the contractile performance of the ischemic/reperfused myocardium. Conclusions-OPN-305 significantly reduces infarct size and preserves cardiac function in pigs after ischemia/reperfusion injury. Hence, OPN-305 is a promising adjunctive therapeutic for patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Immune system, Myocardial infarction, Reperfusion injury, Toll-like receptors,
Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Department of Cardiology

Arslan, F, Houtgraaf, H.J, Keogh, B, Kazemi, K, de Jong, R, McCormack, W.J, … de Kleijn, D.P.V. (2012). Treatment with OPN-305, a humanized anti-toll-like receptor-2 antibody, reduces myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in pigs. Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions, 5(2), 279–287. doi:10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.111.967596