Background: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of stress 99m technetium tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging for the diagnosis of in stent stenosis (ISS). Methods: We studied 72 patients who underwent exercise or dobutamine stress 99m technetium tetrofosmin imaging, 0.9-0.5 years after percutaneous coronary interventions in which stents were deployed. Coronary angiography was performed within 3 months of the stress test. ISS was defined as ≥50% stenosis in a coronary segment with previous stenting. Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as ≥50% stenosis within or outside the stented coronary segment. Results: The stent was deployed in 1 coronary artery in 52 patients, and in 2 coronary arteries in 20 patients (a total of 92 detected in 42 (58%) patients (51 stents). Reversible perfusion abnormalities were present in 34 of patients with ISS (sensitivity=81%, CI 70-94). Regional sensitivity for diagnosis of stenosis per stent was 76% (CI 65-88), specificity was 83% (CI 71-94) and accuracy was 79% (CI 69-85). Reversible perfusion abnormalities were detected in ≥2 vascular distributions in 15 of 22 patients with multi-vessel CAD and in 5 of 50 patients without (sensitivity for identifying multivessel CAD=68%, CI 50-89; specificity=90%, CI 82-98; and accuracy=83%, CI 75-90). Conclusion: Stress 99m technetium tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging is a useful non-invasive technique for the diagnosis of in stent stenosis and extent of CAD in patients with previous percutanenous coronary artery interventions.

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doi.org/10.1007/s10554-006-9087-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/68054
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Department of Cardiology

Elhendy, A, Schinkel, A.F.L, van Domburg, R.T, Bax, J.J, Valkema, R, & Poldermans, D. (2006). Non-invasive diagnosis of in stent stenosis by stress 99m technetium tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 22(5), 657–662. doi:10.1007/s10554-006-9087-6