This paper studies the connection between trade and growth in the context of a partial and inconsistent liberalization process in a specific Eastern European country in transition towards market economy, namely, the Republic of Belarus. The analysis of the country trade patterns during the USSR period and the years since independence revealed that unlike its close neighbors (the Baltic States and Poland) Belarus did not succeed in changing the commodity or the geographical structure of its trade. It is almost a good representation of reality to say that Belarus trades with Russia. The assessment of the rationale for the closer integration with Russia and the impact of this process on Belarus growth led us to the conclusion that the integration in the form of a non-exclusive Free Trade Area and within the framework of a wider set of international connections rather than the move towards a Customs Union (and a Union State) with Russia would be a more optimal policy for Belarus. This conclusion is supported by the results of country-specific growth regressions and of a counterfactual "free trade experiment" via a small CGE model. This paper is partially based on the work by the Authors for the World Bank Global Development Network (GDN) Research Project "Explaining Growth in the CIS Countries".

CGE models, economic integration, growth, international trade, transition economics
Country and Industry Studies of Trade (jel F14), Economic Integration (jel F15), Trade Forecasting and Simulation (jel F17), Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity (jel O47), Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies (jel P2)
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper Series
Tinbergen Institute

Bakanova, M, & Vinhas de Souza, L. (2002). Trade and Growth under Limited Liberalization (No. TI 02-053/2). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper Series. Retrieved from