Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnosis by coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) is useful for identification of symptomatic diabetic individuals at heightened risk for death. Whether CCTA-detected CAD enables improved risk assessment of asymptomatic diabetic individuals beyond clinical risk factors and coronary artery calcium scoring (CACS) remains unexplored. Methods: From a prospective 12-center international registry of 27,125 individuals undergoing CCTA, we identified 400 asymptomatic diabetic individuals without known CAD. Coronary stenosis by CCTA was graded as 0%, 1-49%, 50-69%, and ≥70%. CAD was judged on a per-patient, per-vessel and per-segment basis as maximal stenosis severity, number of vessels with ≥50% stenosis, and coronary segments weighted for stenosis severity (segment stenosis score), respectively. We assessed major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) - inclusive of mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), and late target vessel revascularization ≥90 days (REV)- and evaluated the incremental utility of CCTA for risk prediction, discrimination and reclassification.

Coronary artery calcium score, Coronary artery disease, Coronary CT angiography, Major adverse cardiac events,
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Min, J.K, LaBounty, T.M, Gomez, M, Achenbach, S, Al-Mallah, M, Budoff, M.J, … Berman, D.S. (2014). Incremental prognostic value of coronary computed tomographic angiography over coronary artery calcium score for risk prediction of major adverse cardiac events in asymptomatic diabetic individuals. Atherosclerosis, 232(2), 298–304. doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.09.025