The small intestine has been difficult to examine by traditional endoscopic and radiologic techniques. Until the end of the last century, the small bowel follow through was the primary diagnostic tool for suspected small bowel disease. In recent years capsule endoscopy, deep enteroscopy using balloon-assisted or spiral techniques, computerized tomography and magnetic resonance enteroclysis or enterography have facilitated the diagnosis, monitoring, and management of patients with small bowel diseases. These technologies are complementary, each with its advantages and limitations. In the present article, we will discuss the different options and indications for modern diagnostic methods for visualization of the small bowel. We also try to provide a clinical rationale for the use of these different diagnostic options in less established, newly emerging, indications for small bowel evaluation.

Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Aktas, H, & Mensink, P.B.F. (2012). Small bowel diagnostics: Current place of small bowel endoscopy. Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology (Vol. 26, pp. 209–220). doi:10.1016/j.bpg.2012.03.007