The paper studies the determinants of income distribution and growth in an overlapping generations economy with heterogenous households. Our framework has the following main features: heterogeneity of consumers with respect to wealth and parental human capital; intergenerational transfers, accomplished via investment in the education of the younger generation. Heterogeneity in income results from the distribution of human capital across individuals in a non-degenerate way. The human capital production is affected by 'home-education' , provided by the parents, as well as 'public-education , which is provided equally to all young individuals of the same generation. Due to investments in human capital our economy exhibits endogenous growth. First, we explore the effects of technological change in human capital formation, upon the distribution of income at each date along the equilibrium path. Second, we study the impact of such technogical progress on growth and relate these results to the income distribution inequality. Third, we provide numerical simulations to quantify the effect of changes in the parameters of the model. Simulation results include exact Gini coefficients and tax rate on labor determined endogenously through majority voting.

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Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper Series
Tinbergen Institute

Viaene, J.-M., & Zilcha, I. (2001). Human Capital Formation, Income Inequality and Growth (No. TI 01-104/2). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper Series. Retrieved from