Notwithstanding the lift on the ban of brothels in the Netherlands during 2000, the introduction of the integral approach and other efforts to fight human trafficking; this trade still continues to exist within the licensed sector. Simultaneously, prostitution increasingly moved to Dutch cities with less strict regulations or control, and also to more invisible realms (escort services, internet). ICT facilitate this backstage informal sex work by offering a fluid, flexible, dynamic podium that is difficult to control. The internet is increasingly used by traffickers in order to recruit potential victims, to blackmail victims with images or by exploiting victims through webcam exposure. In 2005, human trafficking was extended in law towards exploitation in all labor sectors and, in 2011, illegal stay was criminalized in the Netherlands. This criminalization could hinder the fight against human traffickers.

Human trafficking, Labor exploitation, Sex work
dx.doi.org/10.1080/13600869.2012.646797, hdl.handle.net/1765/68439
International Review of Law, Computers and Technology
Criminology

Staring, R.H.J.M. (2012). Human trafficking in the Netherlands: Trends and recent developments. International Review of Law, Computers and Technology, 26(1), 59–72. doi:10.1080/13600869.2012.646797