Objective: Many studies have shown differences between statins based on surrogate endpoints, but few have studied differences in reaching clinical endpoints. This study compares the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events between atorvastatin users and other statin users in daily general practice. Research design and methods: A cohort study was performed in the Integrated Primary Care Information project database, a longitudinal general practice research database with electronic patient records of more than 500 000 individuals in the Netherlands. All new statin users in the period 1st September 1999 to 31st December 2002 were included. Multivariate Cox-regression analysis was used to compare the occurrence of the primary endpoint between atorvastatin users and other statin users. Main outcome measures: The primary endpoint was the composite outcome of fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction, admission for unstable angina pectoris, fatal or non-fatal cerebrovascular accidents, or transient ischaemic events. Results: 3499 new statin users were identified, including 797 patients with a history of cardiovascular disease. 1341 persons started with simvastatin (38.3%), 1154 with atorvastatin (33.0%), 811 with pravastatin (23.2%) and 193 with other statins (5.5%). The median follow-up was 1.9 years. Two hundred and thirty three patients (6.7%) experienced a primary endpoint. Atorvastatin users had a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events than users of other statins (relative risk [RR]: 0.70, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.55-0.96). The relative risks of atorvastatin users compared to simvastatin and pravastatin users individually were 0.70 (95% CI: 0.48-1.02) and 0.78 (95% CI: 0.52-1.16), respectively. The protective effect of atorvastatin was more pronounced in persons without a history of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events. Conclusion: Atorvastatin showed a more favourable effect on fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in the general population than other statins.

, , , ,
doi.org/10.1185/030079905X61866, hdl.handle.net/1765/68506
Current Medical Research and Opinion
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Dieleman, J., van Wyk, J., van Wijk, M., van Herpen, G., Straus, S., Dunselman, P., & Sturkenboom, M. (2005). Differences between statins on clinical endpoints: A population-based cohort study. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 21(9), 1461–1468. doi:10.1185/030079905X61866