The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of guidewire navigation across coronary artery stenoses using magnetic navigation system (MNS) versus conventional navigation. The MNS is a novel option to facilitate access to target lesions, particularly in tortuous vessels. In an experimental study using a challenging vessel phantom, magnetic-navigated guidewire passage has been reported to reduce fluoroscopy and procedure time significantly. Both magnetic and manual guidewire navigation were attempted in 21 consecutive diseased coronary arteries. The study endpoint was defined as an intraluminal wire position distal to the stenosis. Procedural success was defined as successful guidewire passage without procedural events. Procedure time, amount of contrast, fluoroscopy time, and radiation dose/area product (DAP) were evaluated. There were no procedural events related to either guidewire. Although the lesions attempted had relatively simple and straightforward characteristics, significantly shorter procedure and fluoroscopy time were observed for manual guidewire navigation compared to MNS (median, 40 vs. 120 sec, P = 0.001; 38 vs. 105 sec, P = 0.001, respectively). Contrast amount and DAP were higher in MNS than in conventional method (median, 13 vs. 9 ml, P = 0.018; 215 vs. 73 Gym 2, P = 0.002, respectively). The magnetic wire did not cross in two vessels. Guidewire navigation using MNS presented a novel, safe, and feasible approach to address coronary artery lesions. Clinical studies are needed to evaluate the potential benefit of the MNS in more complex coronary lesions and tortuous anatomy.

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Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Tsuchida, K., Garcia-Garcia, H., van der Giessen, W., McFadden, E., van der Ent, M., Sianos, G., … Serruys, P. (2006). Guidewire navigation in coronary artery stenosis using a novel magnetic navigation system: First clinical experience. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 67(3), 356–363. doi:10.1002/ccd.20642