It has been demonstrated before that the long-term wearing of anisometropic spectacles may induce nonconjugate adaptations of saccades. Saccades then become different in size in the two eyes. We examined the time-course and the limits of such adaptations of horizontal and vertical saccades during the short-term (1-6 hr) wearing of anisometropic spectacles. After only 1 hr of conditioning to 2 D of anisometropia, the nonconjugate size-adaptations were almost complete along the horizontal meridian. For progressively larger anisometropias (up to 8 D) the adaptative nonconjugacies after 1 hr became also systematically larger. An anisometropia larger than 6 D did not further increase the rate of adaptation during the first 6 hr of conditioning, which suggests that about 6 D of difference in spectacle correction, causing size differences of about 12%, may be the upper limit of the nonconjugate adaptive range of the saccadic subsystem. Post-saccadic drift of horizontal saccades was also adequately changed. In addition, nonconjugate adaptations had developed in smooth-pursuit eye movements. All of these plastic changes persisted during monocular viewing, indicating that the basic programming of these eye movements was changed.

Adaptation, Aniseikonia, Anisometropic spectacles Post saccadic drift, Hering's law, Saccades, Smooth pursuit,
Vision Research
Department of Neuroscience

Lemij, H.G, & Collewijn, H. (1991). Short-term nonconjugate adaptation of human saccades to anisometropic spectacles. Vision Research, 31(11), 1955–1966. doi:10.1016/0042-6989(91)90190-G