It has been demonstrated before that the long-term wearing of anisometropic spectacles may induce nonconjugate adaptations of saccades. Saccades then become different in size in the two eyes. We examined the time-course and the limits of such adaptations of horizontal and vertical saccades during the short-term (1-6 hr) wearing of anisometropic spectacles. After only 1 hr of conditioning to 2 D of anisometropia, the nonconjugate size-adaptations were almost complete along the horizontal meridian. For progressively larger anisometropias (up to 8 D) the adaptative nonconjugacies after 1 hr became also systematically larger. An anisometropia larger than 6 D did not further increase the rate of adaptation during the first 6 hr of conditioning, which suggests that about 6 D of difference in spectacle correction, causing size differences of about 12%, may be the upper limit of the nonconjugate adaptive range of the saccadic subsystem. Post-saccadic drift of horizontal saccades was also adequately changed. In addition, nonconjugate adaptations had developed in smooth-pursuit eye movements. All of these plastic changes persisted during monocular viewing, indicating that the basic programming of these eye movements was changed.

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Vision Research
Department of Neuroscience

Lemij, H.G, & Collewijn, H. (1991). Short-term nonconjugate adaptation of human saccades to anisometropic spectacles. Vision Research, 31(11), 1955–1966. doi:10.1016/0042-6989(91)90190-G