Context: High-dose estrogen treatment to reduce final height of tall girls increases their risk for infertility in later life. Objective: The aim was to study the effect of estrogen dose on fertility outcome of these women. Design/Setting: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of university hospital patients. Patients: We studied 125 tall women aged 20-42 yr, of whom 52 women had been treated with 100 μg and 43 with 200 μg of ethinyl estradiol (EE) in adolescence. Main Outcomes: Time to first pregnancy, treatment for infertility, and live birth rate were measured. Results: The time to first pregnancy was increased in treated women. Of untreated women, 80% conceived within 1 yr vs. 69% of women treated with 100 μg EE and 59% of women treated with 200 μg EE. This trend of increased time to pregnancy with increasing estrogen dose was significant (log rank trend test, P = 0.01). Compared with untreated women, fecundability was reduced in women treated with both 100 μg EE [hazard ratio = 0.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.19-0.95] and 200 μg EE (hazard ratio = 0.30; 95% CI, 0.13-0.72). We also observed a significant trend in the incidence of treatment for infertility with increased estrogen dose (P = 0.04). Fecundity was affected in women treated with 200 μg EE who had reduced odds of achieving at least one live birth (odds ratio = 0.13; 95% CI, 0.02-0.81), but not in women treated with 100 μg EE. Conclusions: We report a dose-response relationship between fertility in later life and estrogen dose used for the treatment of tall stature in adolescent girls; a higher estrogen dose is associated with increased infertility. Copyright,
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Hendriks, A.E.J, Drop, S.L.S, Laven, J.S.E, & Boot, A.M. (2012). Fertility of tall girls treated with high-dose estrogen, a dose-response relationship. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 97(9), 3107–3114. doi:10.1210/jc.2012-1078