Quality of life and functional outcome after resection of pancreatic cystic neoplasm
Pancreas , Volume 43 - Issue 5 p. 755- 761
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the long-term quality of life (QOL) after the resection of a primary pancreatic cyst and to determine predictors of outcome. Secondary outcomes were pancreatic function and survival. METHODS: One hundred eight consecutive patients, who underwent resection between 1992 and 2007 and had nearly 60 months follow-up, were reviewed. Questionnaires and function tests were collected during scheduled outpatient clinic visits. RESULTS: At follow-up, 20 patients had died. Five-year overall survival was 94% for benign and 62% for malignant neoplasia. Of 88 living patients, 65 (74%) returned questionnaires. Generic physical and mental QOL scores were equal or better compared with healthy references. None of the disease-specific symptom scales were above mean 50, implicating none to mild complaints. Independent predictors for good generic QOL were young age (P < 0.05) and resected malignancy (P < 0.05); predictors for good gastrointestinal QOL were male sex (P < 0.1), limited resection (P < 0.05), endocrine insufficiency (P < 0.05), and employment (P < 0.05). Endocrine insufficiency prevalence was 40%, and 59% for exocrine insufficiency. CONCLUSIONS: After cyst resection, long-term QOL is equal to healthy references, pancreatic insufficiency is prevalent but does not impair QOL, and survival relates positive compared with solid pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The excellent long-term outcome justifies proceeding with surgery once a medical indication for resection has been established.