Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is the major hematopoietic cytokine involved in the control of neutrophil production and thus serves as a critical regulator of the innate immunity against bacterial infections. G-CSF is applied on a routine basis in the clinic for treatment of congenital and acquired neutropenias, diseases characterized by a critical shortage of neutrophils, leading to severe opportunistic bacterial infections. Very recently, it has become clear that therapeutic application of G-CSF may not be limited to different types of neutropenia, but may extend to non-hematological conditions, in particular cardiac and brain infarctions. G-CSF drives the proliferation, survival and neutrophilic differentiation of myeloid progenitor cells by activation of a receptor of the hematopoietin receptor superfamily, which subsequently triggers multiple signaling mechanisms. These mechanisms exert positive as well as negative effects on the signaling function of the G-CSF receptor. The integrated output of these signaling pathways provide the appropriate balance needed for accurate production of neutrophils under both steady state and

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Frontiers in Bioscience
Department of Hematology

Touw, I.P, & van de Geijn, G.J.M. (2007). Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and its receptor in normal myeloid cell development, leukemia and related blood cell disorders. Frontiers in Bioscience (Vol. 12, pp. 800–815). doi:10.2741/2103