The aim of this study was to determine whether subrenal capsule (SRC) implantation is a suitable model for the study of the metastatic potential of our human renal cell carcinoma (HRCC) lines and to establish new sublines with enhanced metastatic ability. NMRI athymic nude mice 7-11 weeks old received SRC implantation of our HRCC lines RC43 and RC21. These lines were not metastatic when implanted s.c. Mice were killed after 4 or 8 weeks, or when moribund. With the RC43 cell line the success rate for implantation was 69%, with 89% of these showing metastases. The average volume of the implanted tumour fragments was 0.5 mm3 (range 0.28-0.7), the average volume at the primary site at the time of death was 9087 (9-32000) mm3. Metastases were found in lymph nodes, liver, spleen, peritoneum, psoas muscle, pancreas, diaphragm and skin. The average volume of the metastases was 4139 (0.5-9000) mm3. Growing cell lines were established in vivo and in vitro from one splenic, one peritoneal, one diaphragmatic, and one hepatic metastasis. These sublines have faster in vivo and slower in vitro growth rates than the parental lines. With the RC21 cell line the success rate for implantation was 56% and the metastatic rate 78%. The average volume of the implanted tumour was 0.8 mm3 (0.28-1.2), the average volume at the primary site at the time of death was 2685 mm3 (1.4-6534) and the average volume of metastases was 7.1 mm3 (0.5-37.5). Metastases were found in lymph nodes, lung and skin. No establishment was attempted for RC21 because of the small dimensions of these metastases. SRC implantation is thus considered a useful tool for the study of the metastatic ability of our cell lines RC43 and RC21. The establishment of new sublines with a faster growth rate and an enhanced metastatic ability will be useful for further studies on the metastatic process.

Human Renal Cell Carcinoma, Metastatic potential, Subrenal capsule implantation
dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00300264, hdl.handle.net/1765/68794
Urological Research: a journal of clinical and laboratory investigation in urolithiasis and related areas
Department of Urology

Grossi, F.S, Zhao, X, Romijn, J.C, ten Kate, F.J.W, & Schröder, F.H. (1992). Metastatic potential of human renal cell carcinoma: experimental model using subrenal capsule implantation in athymic nude mice. Urological Research: a journal of clinical and laboratory investigation in urolithiasis and related areas, 20(4), 303–306. doi:10.1007/BF00300264