Aims: The aim of the present study was to determine which medical variables were predictors of long-term behavioural/emotional outcome after surgical correction for congenital heart disease in infancy and childhood. Methods: The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used to predict parent-reported behavioural/emotional problems in 125 10-15 year-old congenital heart disease children from: (1) biographical status (2) medical history (3) heart surgery (4) short-term post-operative course and (5) number of heart operations and (6) extra cardiac concomitant anomalies. Results: Higher CBCL total problem scores at follow-up were associated with a greater number of heart operations and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (< 22°). 'Internalizing problems' were associated with a greater number of heart operations, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, a short gestational age, low systemic oxygen saturation, and older age at surgical repair. 'Externalizing problems' were associated with a greater number of heart operations only. Conclusion: Several medical variables were significant predictors and can be used to identify those congenital heart disease children who are at risk of long-term behavioural/emotional maladjustment.

doi.org/10.1053/euhj.1997.0855, hdl.handle.net/1765/68800
European Heart Journal
Pediatric Psychiatry

Utens, E.M.W.J, Verhulst, F.C, Duivenvoorden, H.J, Meijboom, F.J, Erdman, R.A.M, & Hess, J. (1998). Prediction of behavioural and emotional problems in children and adolescents with operated congenital heart disease. European Heart Journal, 19(5), 801–807. doi:10.1053/euhj.1997.0855