Mesalazine is a first-line drug in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and is customarily used to induce and maintain remission in mild to moderate disease. In children, pharmacokinetic data are scarce, and dosage recommendations are largely extrapolated from studies in adults. Aim of the study was to obtain the pharmacokinetic profile of a new mesalazine pellet formulation in children with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's colitis. A single oral dose of 20 mg/kg mesalazine was administered to 13 patients (age 6-16 years). Serial blood and urine sampling for determination of mesalazine and acetylmesalazine was performed before and during 24 hours following ingestion. Maximum plasma concentration of mesalazine (Cmax) was 1332 ng/mL (geometric mean, geometric coefficient of variation [CV]: 0.57), obtained 3.7 hours (tmax; CV: 0.31) after drug administration. Systemic exposure as determined by area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC0 - ∞) was 8712 ng/ml*h (CV: 0.44). Terminal half-life of elimination of mesalazine was 3.5 hours (t1/2; CV: 1.43). This study presents extensive pharmacokinetic data on mesalazine in children with mild-moderately active ulcerative colitis and Crohn's colitis. In comparison with previous experience in adults, pharmacokinetics of mesalazine administered as pellets appear to be similar in both populations. Copyright

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Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Department of Pediatrics

Wiersma, H., Escher, J., Dilger, K., Trenk, D., Benninga, M., van Boxtel, C., & Taminiau, J. A. (2004). Pharmacokinetics of mesalazine pellets in children with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 10(5), 626–631. doi:10.1097/00054725-200409000-00019