Fifty faecal samples of patients suspected of having diarrhoea associated with Clostridium difficile were studied. Toxins of C. difficile were tested in vivo directly from the faecal sample using Toxin Detection Kits (Oxoid) to detect toxin A and primers for detection genes of Toxin A and B in a PCR test. The same samples were tested for B. fragilis enterotoxin gene directly from the faecal sample using special primers and a PCR test. Samples were inoculated onto selective media for C. difficile (CCCA) and B. fragilis (BBE) for isolation of bacteria. In vitro Toxin A of C. difficile in culture was tested using a C. difficile toxin A immunoassay (Oxoid, U.K. test and Toxin B of C. difficile was tested by using the McCoy cell line. C. difficile toxin A and B genes were determined in DNA of isolated strains using special primers and a PCR reaction. The enterotoxin production in B. fragilis strains was tested on the human carcinoma cell line HT29/C1. The presence of fragilysin gene was detected using a special pair of primers and a PCR reaction. Toxinogenic strains of C. difficile and enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) strains were isolated from the same samples. (C) 1999 Academic Press.

AAD, Bacteroides fragilis, Clostridium difficile, Enterotoxin-fragilysin, PCR,
Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Meisel-Mikolajczyk, F, Leszczyński, P, van Belkum, A.F, Pituch, H, Obuch-Woszczatyński, P, & Rouyan, G.S. (2000). Enterotoxin-producing bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) strains in stool samples submitted for testing of Clostridium difficile and its toxins. In Anaerobe (Vol. 5, pp. 217–219). doi:10.1006/anae.1999.0246