Counterbalanced designs are frequently used in the behavioral sciences. Studies often counterbalance either the order in which conditions are presented in the experiment or the assignment of stimulus materials to conditions. Occasionally, researchers need to simultaneously counterbalance both condition order and stimulus assignment to conditions. Lewis (1989 ; Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers 25:414-415, 1993) presented a method for constructing Latin squares that fulfill these requirements. The resulting Latin squares counterbalance immediate sequential effects, but not remote sequential effects. Here, we present a new method for generating Latin squares that simultaneously counterbalance both immediate and remote sequential effects and assignment of stimuli to conditions. An Appendix is provided to facilitate implementation of these Latin square designs.

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Keywords Counterbalancing, Experimental design, Latin square, Order effects, Sequential effects
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Journal Behavior Research Methods
Zeelenberg, R, & Pecher, D. (2014). A method for simultaneously counterbalancing condition order and assignment of stimulus materials to conditions. Behavior Research Methods. doi:10.3758/s13428-014-0476-9