Analysis of ionizing radiation-induced foci of DNA damage repair proteins
Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis , Volume 574 - Issue 1-2 SPEC. ISS. p. 22- 33
Repair of DNA double-strand breaks by homologous recombination requires an extensive set of proteins. Among these proteins are Rad51 and Mre11, which are known to re-localize to sites of DNA damage into nuclear foci. Ionizing radiation-induced foci can be visualized by immuno-staining. Published data show a large variation in the number of foci-positive cells and number of foci per nucleus for specific DNA repair proteins. The experiments described here demonstrate that the time after induction of DNA damage influenced not only the number of foci-positive cells, but also the size of the individual foci. The dose of ionizing radiation influenced both the number of foci-positive cells and the number of foci per nucleus. Furthermore, ionizing radiation-induced foci formation depended on the cell cycle stage of the cells and the protein of interest that was investigated. Rad51 and Mre11 foci seemed to be mutually exclusive, though a small subset of cells did show co-localization of these proteins, which suggests a possible cooperation between the proteins at a specific moment during DNA repair.
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|Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|Organisation||Department of Molecular Genetics|
van Veelen, L.R, Cervelli, T, van de Rakt, M.W.M.M, Theil, A.F, Essers, J, & Kanaar, R. (2005). Analysis of ionizing radiation-induced foci of DNA damage repair proteins. In Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis (Vol. 574, pp. 22–33). doi:10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2005.01.019