A computer controlled mechanical lung model has been developed for testing lung function equipment, validation of computer programs and simulation of impaired pulmonary mechanics. The construction, function and some applications are described. The physical model is constructed from two bellows and a pipe system representing the alveolar lung compartments of both lungs and airways, respectively. The bellows are surrounded by water simulating pleural and interstitial space. Volume changes of the bellows are accomplished via the fluid by a piston. The piston is driven by a servo-controlled electrical motor whose input is generated by a microcomputer. A wide range of breathing patterns can be simulated. The pipe system representing the trachea connects both bellows to the ambient air and is provided with exchangeable parts with known resistance. A compressible element (CE) can be inserted into the pipe system. The fluid-filled space around the CE is connected with the water compartment around the bellows; The CE is made from a stretched Penrose drain. The outlet of the pipe system can be interrupted at the command of an external microcomputer system. An automatic sequence of measurements can be programmed and is executed without the interaction of a technician.

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doi.org/10.1007/BF02523009, hdl.handle.net/1765/70265
Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Department of Pulmonology

Verbraak, A., Beneken, J. E. W., Bogaard, J., & Versprille, A. (1995). Computer-controlled mechanical lung model for application in pulmonary function studies. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 33(6), 776–783. doi:10.1007/BF02523009