The feasibility of estimating urinary flow velocity from the decorrelation of radiofrequency (RF) signals was investigated in soft tissue-mimicking models of obstructed and unobstructed urethras. The decorrelation was studied in the near field, focal zone and far field of the ultrasound beam. Furthermore, the effect of beam width was investigated. The results of this study suggest that it is feasible to estimate flow velocity in models of the urethra by quantifying the decorrelation of RF ultrasound signals. The decorrelation slope increased more rapidly and more linearly with increasing velocity in the focal zone than in the near and far field. A preliminary example of an invivo measurement in a healthy volunteer illustrated that this method has potential for clinical use in the future.

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Keywords Beam width, Bladder outlet obstruction, Correlation coefficients, Decorrelation, F-number, Obstructed, Radiofrequency, Unobstructed, Urethra model, Urinary Flow velocity
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Journal Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Arif, M, Idzenga, T, van Mastrigt, R, & de Korte, C.L. (2014). Estimation of urinary flow velocity in models of obstructed and unobstructed urethras by decorrelation of ultrasound radiofrequency signals. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 40(5), 938–946. doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2013.11.008