Peripheral multifocal chorioretinitis: Complications, prognosis and relation with sarcoidosis
Acta Ophthalmologica (Print) , Volume 91 - Issue 6 p. 492- 497
Purpose: To investigate the prognosis and complications in patients with peripheral multifocal chorioretinitis (PMC). PMC is a posterior or panuveitis characterized by chronic bilateral vitritis and punched-out lesions in the peripheral retina which occurs commonly in elderly white women and is associated with sarcoidosis. Prognosis and complications are largely unknown. Methods: A structured literature search in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane was performed to identify relevant articles. Articles were screened, and the remaining articles were critically appraised based on relevance and validity. Results: The search yielded 267 articles. Eight relevant articles were retrieved. All studies reported on moderate visual impairment. Macular oedema occurred in 60% of the patients with PMC (range, 0-71%), glaucoma in 27% (range, 25-43%) and an epiretinal membrane in 21% (range, 0-28%). In total, 47% had proven or presumed sarcoidosis. Treatment usually comprised topical corticosteroids, periocular steroid injections and systemic corticosteroids regularly in combination with methotrexate. Conclusion: The prognosis of patients with PMC is characterized by a rather poor visual outcome and the relatively high prevalence of complications. PMC is strongly associated with sarcoidosis. Solid proof for the treatment efficacy of PMC is lacking.