Used standardized questionnaires to compare psychosocial functioning of 116 children and adolescents (9 to 18 years) and 73 adults (18 to 38 years) operated on for hypospadias, a congenital penile anomaly, with that of 88 and 50 age-matched comparison males, respectively, treated for an inguinal hernia. The relationships of coping with penile appearance, subject age, severity of hypospadias, number of operations, age at final surgery, and type of surgical procedure with psychosocial functioning were also investigated. Hypospadias patients did not exhibit a poorer psychosocial functioning and no significant relationships of various medical characteristics with psychosocial functioning could be discerned. Genital/body perception of hypospadias patients ages 9 to 18 years correlated positively with psychosocial functioning, albeit with low values. These findings are important for psychologists and specialists in the counseling process of hypospadias patients and their parents.

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Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Department of Reproduction and Development

Mureau, M.A.M, Slijper, F.M.E, Slob, A.K, & Verhulst, F.C. (1997). Psychosocial functioning of children, adolescents, and adults following hypospadias surgery: A comparative study. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22(3), 371–387. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/22.3.371