Objectives: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol elevation is associated with an improved outcome in patients with atherosclerotic disease. Niaspan®, a prolonged-release nicotinic acid, was evaluated during the Niaspan-Induced HDL Elevation for Optimizing Risk Control (NEMO) study in The Netherlands. Methods: NEMO was a 6-month, prospective, observational, multicentre, open-label study. Niaspan was prescribed in statin-treated patients with known or suspected atherosclerotic disease. The main outcome measures were treatment-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and effects on lipids and cardiovascular-risk score based on the algorithm derived from the Prospective Cardiovascular Münster study. Results: 612 patients were included in The Netherlands. Flushing was the most common ADR (29% of patients during the first month of treatment). The main reasons for treatment discontinuation were flushing (10.5%), patient request (8.0%) and being lost to follow-up (6.0%). About half of all patients (52%) continued treatment after the study. Tolerability was rated 'good' or 'very good' in 54% of these patients. HDL cholesterol increased by 23% from baseline, and triglycerides were reduced by 16%, with little change in low-density lipoprotein or total cholesterol. Cardiovascular risk score was reduced by 3.3 points. Conclusions: The use of the prolonged-release nicotinic acid Niaspan in patients with or at risk for atherosclerotic disease showed good tolerability, a marked increase in HDL cholesterol and a reduced cardiovascular risk score. Copyright

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doi.org/10.1159/000155896, hdl.handle.net/1765/70933
European Surgical Research: clinical and experimental surgery
Department of Anesthesiology

Poldermans, D., Dunkelgrun, M., Schouten, O., & Hostalek, U. (2008). Prolonged-release nicotinic acid in patients with atherosclerotic disease in The Netherlands. European Surgical Research: clinical and experimental surgery, 41(4), 313–318. doi:10.1159/000155896