The authors examined the relationship between leader group prototypicality (the extent to which a leader is representative of the collective identity) and job satisfaction as an indicator of leadership effectiveness. Leader group prototypicality was expected to interact with job stress and team identification, such that leader group protototypicality is more strongly related to job satisfaction for followers with higher job stress and team identification. Two cross-sectional surveys (N = 329 and N = 89) conducted with the employees of 4 Italian organizations provided support for this hypothesis. The authors discuss how these findings extend our understanding of leadership effectiveness within the social identity model of leadership.

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Group Dynamics: theory, research, and practice
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Cicero, L., Pierro, A., & van Knippenberg, D. (2007). Leader Group Prototypicality and Job Satisfaction: The Moderating Role of Job Stress and Team Identification. Group Dynamics: theory, research, and practice, 11(3), 165–175. doi:10.1037/1089-2699.11.3.165