We present the case of a patient who has a life-threatening hemoptysis caused by occlusion of the right pulmonary vein owing to external compression by excessive fibrous tissue. Because the patient's lung was essentially nonfunctional and hemoptysis persisted, we performed a pneumonectomy on her. Pathological analysis of the lung showed severe hypertensive changes in the arterial and venous microvasculature of the lung. Parenchymal-pleural to intercostal systemic venous connections had developed, facilitating venous drainage of the lung circulation. Upon review of the patient's history and the pathological and radiological evidence, we concluded that the pathological changes were caused by a variant of mediastinal fibrosis termed chronic idiopathic pulmonary hilar fibrosis, of which only a few cases have been described in the literature. A detailed case history and review of the literature are presented.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2005.07.006, hdl.handle.net/1765/71209
Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Department of Pathology

den Bakker, M., Thomeer, M., Maat, A., & Groeninx van Zoelen, C. (2005). Life-threatening hemoptysis caused by chronic idiopathic pulmonary hilar fibrosis with unilateral pulmonary vein occlusion. Annals of Diagnostic Pathology, 9(6), 319–322. doi:10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2005.07.006